Almost a century and a half, at the Mogerdal slopes in the Telemark region of Norway, Sondre Nordheim (1825-1897) popularized a technique that allowed the ski pioneers evolved the form of sliding.
Nordheim was known as the father of modern skiing. Telemark skiing is named after the Telemark region of Norway, where the discipline originated. Sondre Norheim is often credited for first demonstrating the turn in ski races.
This technique began to become popular as a result of a competition held in 1868 in Iverslokken (Norway). It inluded slalom, cross-country and jumping. Nordheim, thanks to the technique heel bindings, surprised his rivals taking a leap of 18 meters and making reception with the telemark style, with the typical genuflection. In that moment, telemark started to become popular in Europe and later in the United States, where it was imported by sailors Scandinavia. Telemark technique was pushed aside when the Austrian Zdarky Matias (1856-1940) perfected the first fixing that held the heel tables, which allowed to chain a series of turns. He was the one publishing the first manual about systematic teaching skiing (1896) and therefore he became the father of alpine skiing. In the Alps, telemark fell into oblivion before the progression and evolution of the material for the alpine practice mode. Not until the early 1970s when the United States, specifically at the Crested Butte Colorado resort, Telemark began to be practiced and developed as an individual speciality.
In 1987, the Norwegian resort of Hemsedal disputed the First World Championship of the specialty. Years later, already under the umbrella of the International Ski Federation (FIS), they laid the foundations of the current telemark competition. The World Cup of this specialty was born the 1999-2000 season, and since then the discipline has been consolidated in the international calendar.
The specialty of Telemark in Spain is recent: its first official championship was in 2006, but in the Nordic and Alpine countries, its practice is widespread among fans that like to go back to basics skiing.
It consists of two-runs, with a Giant course and a jump. At the end the skier must make a 360 degree turn. After the turn the skier faces the last meters, before the arrival, making a sprint in the skating skiing modality.
The Parallel Sprint
It's like the Sprint race, but in this one two Sprint length courses are set, and races compete side by side.
Parallel Sprint Team
It is similar to the Sprint, but participants compete in a group (not individually) representing all federations.
It can be considered the most important discipline. It is similar to the Sprint, but it is consists of one run.
All started in 2009-2010 season, when Espot hosted the penultimate round of the FIS calendar. It made stops in Austria, Slovenia, Norway, the United States and France. Previously, the Pallars Sobirà resort organized the Spanish telemark championships that served as a test for the organization.
2015/2016 winter season, Espot will host once again a FIS Telemark race. It is expected the participation of more than 70 riders taking part in three modalities: parallel, sprint and classic.